Tourette Syndrome, by itself, is a unique disorder consisting of a variety of motor and vocal tics. Many of them within groups of specific types of tics, such as echolalia. The associated, or Comorbid, disorders often affect each patient differently, and, by the nature of these disorders operating on a spectrum, no two Touretters will present identically. In fact, a Touretter may have one or more Comorbid disorders.
However, listed below are some of the most common disorders that are usually associated with Tourette Syndrome that many Tourette sufferers live with. These disorders are called Comorbid disorders.
- ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder): this is one of the most common Comorbid disorders of Tourette Syndrome. Manifesting mostly in childhood, ADHD is along a spectrum of its own.
- OCD (obsessive compulsive disorder): one of stereotypical disorders commonly associated with adults with TS, OCD manifests in many different ways, often integrated with the tics themselves.
- Affective disorder/Bipolar Depression/Anxiety: while not as widely thought of as a common Comorbid disorder, mood disorders such as Bipolar Depression affect a great number of Touretters. In fact, anxiety affects a large percentage of Touretters with mood disorders.
Less common Comorbid disorders: some of the other disorders associated with Tourette Syndrome vary in percentages but these can include autism spectrum disorder, epilepsy, panic disorder, sensory dysfunction and neurological storms.
As said above, no two individuals with TS will present the same; in tics or Comorbid disorders. Treating each as a unique individual is Paramount in making the Touretter more comfortable in his or her own skin.
To learn more, check out: the Tourette Association of America